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Remanufacturing: A Basic Overview

Remanufacturing is the process of disassembly and recovery at the module and component level. It requires the repair or replacement of worn out, obsolete, and/or known high failure components. True Remanufacturing differs from other recovery (e.g. recycled) systems because the goal for any sophisticated remanufactured is to match the quality, reliability, and end use of the original part. Through a series of processes which can vary by product and environment, a core is completely disassembled and the useable parts are cleaned, refurbished, and placed into the inventory system. When ready, a product is reassembled from the old parts (and where necessary, new parts) to produce an equivalent and/or better product. Remanufacturing requires a more complex governing structure, because it involves a fundamental business change from an ordinary manufacturing process. However when done correctly , it offers significant upside in environmental sustainability and added bottom line profit and increased customer satisfaction.

- Flight Systems Automotive, GroupJoint Venture Partner White Paper

As part of SJMConsults effort to review and understand sustainability minded concepts, I've gathered a collection of reports, articles and media that aim to explain "Remanufacturing" in the context of Circular Procurement. This list is by no means comprehensive, I've only included what I believe are the most thought provoking efforts that can stand for themselves and that do not over reference or rely on the traction from other reports. I do my best to keep this info relative to the purpose of the Circular Procurement Workshop and the current marketplace. In no particular order here is a continually updated list of resources regarding Remanufacturing in practice, regulations, it's use in the context of circular procurement and examples of products:

Remanufacturing, Definitions and Basic Studies


The manufacturer's value chain as a service - the case of remanufacturing, David Opresnik* and Marco Taisch, Journal of Remanufacturing

Revenue and Cost Management for Remanufactured Products, Anton Ovchinnikov, Darden School of Business, University of Virginia
This paper studies joint pricing and remanufacturing strategy of a firm that decides to offer both new and remanufactured versions of its product in the market.

Core Acquisitions Planning in the Automotive Parts Remanufacturing Industry, Toyin Clottey, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Supply Chain Management, Iowa State University-College of Business

Designing Products for Extended Life Spans and Multiple Profit Cycles - Georgia Institute of Technology, Systems Realization Laboratory
   


Remanufacturing and Sustainability/Circularity


Introduction: Refurbish/Remanufacture, Circular Economy Tool Kit

Enhancing remanufacturing – studying networks and sustainability to support Finnish industry, Iris Karvonen*, Kim Jansson, Hannele Tonteri, Saija Vatanen and Mikko Uoti, Journal of Remanufacturing

Circular Economy Evidence Building Programme, Remanufacturing Study, Full Report, Zero Waste Scotland

Remanufacturing and the move towards a circular economy, The Manufacturer

Remanufacturing: The Ultimate Form of Recycling, Rolf Steinhilper

In the book Remanufacturing, remanufacturing is promoted as the "ultimate form of recycling" to all sectors of the general population.
Remanufacturing: The Ultimate form of Recycling / Part I
Remanufacturing: The Ultimate form of Recycling / Part II
Remanufacturing: The Ultimate form of Recycling / Part III
Remanufacturing: The Ultimate form of Recycling / Part IV

Lifecycle Assessment of the Environmental Benefits of Remanufactured Product within a "Green" Supply Chain, Charles L. Goldey, Ernst-Ulrich Kuester, Renee Mummert, Thomas A. Okrasinski, P.E., Donald Olson, and William J. Schaeffer, Sr., P.E.

GHGs, Carbon Footprints and the Remanufacturing Industry: Capitalizing on a Sustainable Advantage, Michael J. Readey, Aeris Analytics, LLC


Collection and Reverse Logistics

The Effect of Competition on Recovery Strategies (ed.3) - Ferguson, Mark E. ; Toktay, L. Beril

Offering branded remanufactured/recycled products: at what price? Leila Hamzaoui-Essoussi and Jonathan D Linton

Chapter 9 Product Take-Back Legislation and Its Impacton Recycling and Remanufacturing Industries Gökçe Esenduran, Eda Kemahlıo˘glu-Ziya and Jayashankar M. Swaminathan

Reverse Logistics: a review of case studies Marisa P. de Brito* Econometric Institute Erasmus University Rotterdam




Examples (focus on sustainability and circularity)
Caterpillar Case Study from the Refurbish/Remanufactured Case Study Index of the Ellen McArthur Foundation

LEAN MANUFACTURING AND REMANUFACTURINGIMPLEMENTATION TOOLS, John S. W. Fargher, Jr., Ph.D., Director Missouri Enterprise, University of Missouri - Rolla Rolla, MO

FUJI XEROX, Corporate societal responsibility: knowledge learning through sustainable global supply chain management